Mobilized in 1939 as an artillery lieutenant, taken prisoner in June 1940, he spent five years in the Nienburg, Lower Saxony/Weser Oflag. He organized introductory lectures on the history of music from its origins to the present day, to which were added over the months a course on harmony and counterpoint, a course on the fugue, twenty lessons on musical aesthetics, and the history of the symphony. Demonstrating passionate self-denial, he wanted to complete this theoretical teaching and instill in his companions of misfortune a love of music by conducting and commenting on eighteen symphonic concerts.. Both the musicians of the orchestra and the singers of the choir were amateurs, with instruments of very poor quality, but Goué's enthusiasm won them all over.
After being interned and tortured at Pankrác prison for two years (1943–1945) Karel was sent to Theresienstadt prison. The conditions in the prison were dire and he became ill with dysentery and pneumonia. SS- Oberscharführer Stefan Rojko sent all ill prisoners outside in freezing cold to disinfect the cell. As a result, Karel and 8 other prisoners died on 6 March 1945.
After the f
all of France in 1940, Messiaen was interned for nine months in the German prisoner of war camp Stalag Vll-A,
where he composed his "Quatuor pour la fin du temps"
("Quartet for the end of time") for the four instruments available in the prison—piano, violin, cello and clarinet.
The piece was first performed by Messiaen and fellow prisoners for an audience of inmates and prison guards. He was appointed professor of harmony soon after his release in 1941 and professor of composition in 1966 at the Paris Conservatoire, positions that he held until his retirement in 1978.
Gideon Klein(Top) was born in Prerov, Moravia, on 6 December 1919. His family, rooted in Jewish tradition, was also modern in outlook and supportive of culture and art.
On 1 December 1941, Gideon Klein, along with thousands of other Prague Jews, was deported to Terezín. He immediately became active in the camp’s cultural life, undertaking whatever was necessary to assist in the creation and maintenance of musical activities for the benefit of both musicians and their audiences.
Nine days after completing his string trio, fated to be his last composition, Gideon Klein was sent to Auschwitz on 1 October 1944, and from there to Fürstengrube, a coal-mining labor camp for men, near Katowitz in Poland. It is not known whether he was killed there by the remaining Nazis as the liberating Red Army approached or whether he died on a forced march with those Jews made to accompany the fleeing SS.
Emile Goue(bottom) 1904-1946- was born in France. He was a scientist as well as musician and taught in Paris, He was conscripted into the army in France and captured in June 1940, taken to Flag XB in Nienburg, and took an active role in cultural and musical activities.
“Captivity removes almost all contact with real life, therefore almost all interior life…frequent solitude is necessary to enrich one’s interior life, and all solitude does default…The hardest part is not being hungry, it is to feel one’s spiritual level lowering”.
After liberation, he died in 1946 in Paris.
Sandor Kuti was born in Budapest in 1908. In 1940 he was deported to an unidentified forced labor camp in Germany and died in an unidentified punishment camp in 1945. Most of his works were lost.
Gideon Klein 1919-1945 A Czech pianist and composer, Klein organized the cultural life in Theresienstadt concentration camp. In Theresienstadt, he wrote works for string quartet, a string trio, and a piano sonata. He died in unclear circumstances during the liquidation of the Fürstengrube camp in January 1945.
Emile Goue 1904-1946- was born in France. He was a scientist as well as musician and taught in Paris, He was conscripted into the army in France and captured in June 1940, taken to Flag XB in Nienburg, and took an active role in cultural and musical activities. He organized science lectures in physics, music, and stage performances. After being released he returned to Paris and died in a sanatorium in 1946.