SHOSTAKOVICH Symphony No 13 in B flat minor op 113 “Babi Yar”,written in memory of the over 33,000 Jews murdered in Babi Yar, Ukraine in 1941. Shostakovich set 5 poems by Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Gangnus to music in 5 movements. Valery Gergiev conducts the Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra
Dedicated to Jozef Koprinski
“Hope, not Hate part 2” is the first program in a series of transitional music and composers who survived the death camps of Nazi Germany and Poland after WW2
Col. Lilly was born in North Carolina and graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1915. In 1917, he received a commission in the regular Army. In 1941 he was sent to Manila in the Philippines to serve in the U.S. Army's Philippine Division. He became the commander of the 57th Philippine Scout Regiment. The unit served on Bataan during the Japanese invasion. He became a P.O.W. in April 1942 when the Americans surrendered to the Japanese. For the next 40 months he was in various Japanese P.O.W. camps. To keep his sanity, he maintained a diary in tiny notebooks. In addition to the diary he wrote down poems, songs, recipes, rules for Bridge and everything he could remember.
Mobilized in 1939 as an artillery lieutenant, taken prisoner in June 1940, he spent five years in the Nienburg, Lower Saxony/Weser Oflag. He organized introductory lectures on the history of music from its origins to the present day, to which were added over the months a course on harmony and counterpoint, a course on the fugue, twenty lessons on musical aesthetics, and the history of the symphony. Demonstrating passionate self-denial, he wanted to complete this theoretical teaching and instill in his companions of misfortune a love of music by conducting and commenting on eighteen symphonic concerts.. Both the musicians of the orchestra and the singers of the choir were amateurs, with instruments of very poor quality, but Goué's enthusiasm won them all over.
After being interned and tortured at Pankrác prison for two years (1943–1945) Karel was sent to Theresienstadt prison. The conditions in the prison were dire and he became ill with dysentery and pneumonia. SS- Oberscharführer Stefan Rojko sent all ill prisoners outside in freezing cold to disinfect the cell. As a result, Karel and 8 other prisoners died on 6 March 1945.
After the f
all of France in 1940, Messiaen was interned for nine months in the German prisoner of war camp Stalag Vll-A,
where he composed his "Quatuor pour la fin du temps"
("Quartet for the end of time") for the four instruments available in the prison—piano, violin, cello and clarinet.
The piece was first performed by Messiaen and fellow prisoners for an audience of inmates and prison guards. He was appointed professor of harmony soon after his release in 1941 and professor of composition in 1966 at the Paris Conservatoire, positions that he held until his retirement in 1978.
Gideon Klein(Top) was born in Prerov, Moravia, on 6 December 1919. His family, rooted in Jewish tradition, was also modern in outlook and supportive of culture and art.
On 1 December 1941, Gideon Klein, along with thousands of other Prague Jews, was deported to Terezín. He immediately became active in the camp’s cultural life, undertaking whatever was necessary to assist in the creation and maintenance of musical activities for the benefit of both musicians and their audiences.
Nine days after completing his string trio, fated to be his last composition, Gideon Klein was sent to Auschwitz on 1 October 1944, and from there to Fürstengrube, a coal-mining labor camp for men, near Katowitz in Poland. It is not known whether he was killed there by the remaining Nazis as the liberating Red Army approached or whether he died on a forced march with those Jews made to accompany the fleeing SS.
Emile Goue(bottom) 1904-1946- was born in France. He was a scientist as well as musician and taught in Paris, He was conscripted into the army in France and captured in June 1940, taken to Flag XB in Nienburg, and took an active role in cultural and musical activities.
“Captivity removes almost all contact with real life, therefore almost all interior life…frequent solitude is necessary to enrich one’s interior life, and all solitude does default…The hardest part is not being hungry, it is to feel one’s spiritual level lowering”.
After liberation, he died in 1946 in Paris.
Rosen’s luck ran out in the spring of 1943 when the remaining Jewish artists in the city were arrested and taken to Westerbork.
Here, for the last time, Rosen assembled ‘the best cabaret in Holland’.
Before he was put on a transport to Theresienstadt Rosen wrote a farewell poem. It included these lines:
From here I saw some transports travel away, and now – I’m being thrown to the old steel tracks. Now I myself am getting on board the train with my backpack; just between us, I find it bad enough.
Along with his mother, Willy Rosen died in Auschwitz in the winter of 1944.
On 4 September 1944 Van Wesel and Kannewasser were deported on one of the last transports from Westerbork to a series of concentration camps: Theresienstadt, Auschwitz Sachsenhausen
They died of exhaustion during the last days of the war in 1945, Johnny on 15 April, the day that the camp was liberated.[